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history of Indonesia country.
Senin, 12 Desember 2011.
History of the Kingdom of Ternate and Tidore( sejarah kerajaan Tidore dan Ternate versi bahasa inggris)
Tidore is an island located in the Maluku archipelago. Before Islam came to earth archipelago, known by the name of Kie Tidore Duko, which means the island is volcanic. The naming is in accordance with topography Tidore which has a volcano – even the highest in the Maluku islands – which they named the mountain Marijang. Currently, the mountain Marijang no longer active. Tidore name comes from the combination of the two series and Tidore word dialect of Iraqi Arabic: the language of Tidore, To re ado, meaning, ‘I have arrived’ and the Iraqi dialect of Arabic anta thadore which means ‘you came’. Merging two sets of words from two languages stems from an incident that occurred in Tidore. According to his story, in this Tidore frequent clashes between the Momole (chieftain), which is supported by the members of each community in the fight over tribal territory. The dispute is often caused bloodshed. Attempts to resolve these disputes is always a failure.
One time, an estimated 846 years AD, Ibn Chardazabah entourage, envoy of the Caliph al-Mutawakkil the Abbasid Empire in Baghdad arrived in Tidore. At that time, in Tidore was going dispute between momole. To mitigate and resolve these disputes, one party member Ibn Chardazabah, named Jacob Syech intervene by facilitating the negotiations referred to Togorebo. The meeting agreed on a large rock at the foot of the mountain Marijang. The deal, momole who arrived most quickly to the location of the meeting will be winners and chaired the meeting. In that event, every momole are up to the meeting location is always shouting To re ado, because he felt it was he who came first and be a winner. However, apparently some people are fighting momole arrived at the same time, so nothing is lost and won. Intermittent few moments later, Syech Jacob who became facilitators also arrived on the scene and said the dialect Iraknya: Anta thadore. Because the momole came at the same time, then nothing is a winner, finally appointed as the leader is Syech Jacob. That said, since then has become a popular word Tidore, a combination of two words: Ta and Thadore re ado. Thus, said Tidore eventually replaces Kie said Duko and became the name of a great empire.
According to the Sultanate of Tidore, the kingdom was established Jou Kolano Sahjati ascended the throne on 12 Rabiul Awal 502 AH (1108 AD). However, these sources do not explain clearly the location of the center of the kingdom at that time. Sahjati origins can be traced from the story of the arrival of domestic Maghreb Djafar Noh in Tidore. Noh and then marry a local girl, named Siti Nursafa. From the marriage, was born four sons and four daughters. Four sons were: Sahjati, founder of the kingdom of Tidore; Darajati, founder of the empire Moti; Kaicil Open, founder of the empire Makian; Chapter Malamo Mansur, the founder of the sultanate of Ternate. While the four daughters are: Boki Saharnawi, which lowers the kings of Banggai; Boki Sadarnawi, which lowers the kings Tobungku; Boki Sagarnawi, which lowers the kings Loloda; and Boki Dewi Gita, which lowers Marsaoli and Mardike. Kingdom of Tidore is one of the pillars that form Kie Raha, the other is Ternate, Makian and Moti.
Based on the legend of the origin of the above, it appears that the four kingdoms is derived from a common ancestor: Djafar Noh and Siti Nursafa. Regardless of right or wrong, the emergence and development of the legend of the origin is clearly demonstrated an awareness of brotherhood between the kingdom of Kie Raha (combined four major kingdoms in North Maluku, namely: Ternate, Tidore, and Moti Makian) so that they then legitimize it with a origin myth.
From its inception until the king of the 4th, the central kingdom of Tidore not yet certain. It was only in the era of Interest Mabunga Balibung Kolano Jou, information about the center of the kingdom of Tidore slightly ajar, and even then still under debate. The place is Balibunga, but the observer of the history of dissent in determining where the actual Balibunga this. There is a saying in the North of Tidore, and those that say it in the countryside south Tidore.
In the year 1495 AD, Sultan Ciriliyati ascended the throne and became the first ruler of Tidore who took the title of sultan. At that time, the center of the kingdom was in Gam Tina. When Sultan Mansur ascended the throne in 1512 AD, he moved the center of the kingdom by establishing new settlements in North Tidore Rum. Position adjacent to the new capital of Ternate, and flanked by the Cape and islands Mafugogo Maitara. With state of the beautiful and tranquil sea, the location of the new capital rapidly developed and became a bustling port.
In its history, occurred several times a relocation of the capital because of diverse reasons. In the year 1600 AD, the capital was moved by the Sultan Mole Majimo (Alauddin Shah) to the south Tidore Toloa. The move is due to sharpening relations with Ternate, while the capital position is very close, so it is very prone to attack. Others added that, the displacement is driven by the desire to foster community preaching Kolano Tomabanga still animists to Islam. The last movement of capital is to Lemons Timore in the Sultan Saifudin (Jou City). Timore lime was later renamed Soasio until today.
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